Travel Facts & Cultures ยป Guangxi History

Guangxi History

Guangxi boasts a long history. It was known as a part of the Baiyue, which mainly refers to the Lingnan region. In 214BC, the area was unified by the Emperor Qinshihuang and first became part of China with the establishment of Guilin County.

During Han Dynasty, the separated kingdom at Panyu of this area was established known as Southern Yue.

Under the administration of Tang Dynasty in 862 BC, Guangxi became an independently administrative area with the settings of the commissioners in Lingnan area. During that time, the economy and culture there got greater development.

The name "Guangxi" can be dated back to the Song Dynasty, when most areas there were administered as West Guangnan or Guangnanxi.

During the Yuan Dynasty, the Mongolians established "Field Secretariats" (Xing Zhongshusheng) instead of ruling Lingnan as a subject territory or military district, and this made the area began to develop to be a proper province.

By the time of Ming Dynasty, Guangxi had been definite name of the area.It was named Chengxuan administrative commissioner's office of Guangxi at that time amongst the 13 administrative commissioner's offices of the country.

In the Qing Dynasty, the province of Guangxi was finally established. Guilin was served as the capital of the province until the period of the Republic of China.

Simply from 1912 to 1936, Nanning was chosen as the capital of the province. In 1949, the whole area was liberated from Japan's occupation. Finally in 1958, Guangxi was converted into Zhuang autonomous region at the recommendation of Premier Zhou Enlai.

So far, Guangxi has developed itself to be stronger in economy, culture and politics etc by taking advantages of its own resources, geographical conditions etc.